Friday, December 26, 2014

Senegalese Seafood Gumbo

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Time flies and so has the journey to Dakar in Senegal, but here is one more dish to celebrate the Senegalese cuisine and the 4th stop on our tour of ABC-Mondiale-an untraditional seafood gumbo created by Sean Brock. Untraditional to me as in my seafood gumbos, I would have never thought to include dried shrimp, smoked oysters or fish sauce in the mix, or not use a roux to thicken.  What is traditional to me in this gumbo is shrimp, crabmeat and red snapper, along with fresh okra, essential ingredients in any gumbo.
Red Snapper
Selecting Okra
Kiawah Island 2010

Senegalese Seafood Gumbo

Two 1 pound red snappers, cleaned filleted, skinned and coarsely chopped, heads and bones reserved
4 cups chicken broth
1 onion
3/4 fresh okra, thinly sliced and smashed
Two 3-ounce cans smoked oysters
10 small dried shrimp (I omitted the dried shrimp as I couldn't find it)
6 garlic cloves
3 dried cayenne chiles
3 tablespoons Asian fish sauce
18 large shrimp, heads on, if desired
1/2 palm oil (Dende oil comes from the fruit of the African oil palm-annato oil can be substituted) Omit if desired. See Note
1/2 pound lump crabmeat
Kosher salt
Cooked Rice for serving.

In a large pot, combine the fish heads and bones with the stock and 4 cups of water, (Brock uses 8 cups). Bring to a boil. Reduce heat to low and simmer for 20 minutes, skimming off any foam. Strain broth into a large bowl.

Wipe out the pot and return the broth to it. Add the okra, oysters, dried shrimp (if using), garlic, chiles and fish sauce. Bring to a simmer and cook on moderately low heat for 10 minutes, stirring occasionally. Add the snapper filets, shrimp, and palm oil (if using). Simmer until the fish and shrimp are just cooked through, about 4 minutes. Stir in the crabmeat and cook for 1 minute, until heated through. Season with salt. Serve with rice.

Note-The dende oil can be purchased from speciality food stores and from Amazon. The oil gives the gumbo a red color and a rich flavor.

Please do not use images or text without my permission. 

Wednesday, December 24, 2014

Julekake-(Norwegian Cardamom Scented Christmas Bread)-We Knead to Bake #

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God Jul!
Merry Christmas 
In Norway, Christmas presents are exchanged on Christmas Eve. While some presents are brought by Santa, some are brought by "Nisse",  small gnomes, mythological creatures typically associated with the winter solstice. Many different festive breads and cookies are eaten over the holidays in Norway, the most popular and well-known is "julekake", a yeast leavened bread studded with raisins, candied fruit and citron. Cardamom is the essential spice in the julekake, but often cinnamon and nutmeg are used to flavor the bread.

It is this lovely holiday bread that Aparna-My Diverse Kitchen chose for the December edition of We Knead to Bake. Julekake is an enriched dough that is cake-like in texture. Left unadorned, it's a good breakfast bread, but with a sugar icing or studded with sliced almonds, the julekake is a perfect tea time bread.
Adapted from The Great Scandinavian Baking Book by Beatrice Ojakangas


For the dough

2 teaspoons active dry yeast
1/4 cup lukewarm water
1/2 cup lukewarm milk
1 egg
4 tablespoons unsalted butter, at room temperature
1/4 cup sugar
1/4 teaspoon salt
4-5 pods cardamom, powdered, about 3/4 teaspoon
2-1/2 cups all purpose flour
1/2 cup mixed candied fruit or peel
1/4 cup golden or dark raisins

For the Glaze

Pearled sugar or crushed sugar cubes and/or chopped almonds

For the Icing
1/2 cup icing sugar
1 or 2 tablespoons cream or milk
1/4 teaspoon almond extract
1 tablespoon chopped almonds (optional)

In a bowl, proof the yeast by sprinkling it over the lukewarm water, milk and 1 teaspoon sugar( from the 1/4 cup).Set aside for 5-10 minutes until frothy. From this point on, I use the dough cycle of the bread machine to mix and knead the dough. If you want to follow Aparna's instructions, refer to  the instructions there.

Place all ingredients, except the mixed candied fruit or peel and raisins, in the pan of a bread machine according the the manufacturer's instructions. Process on the dough cycle. When complete, remove the dough from the machine to a lightly floured surface and deflate slightly. Flatten it into a largish round, sprinkle the fruit and raisins over the top, the roll up jelly roll style. Knead lightly to incorporate the fruit.

Shape into a ball and place on a parchment lined or lightly greased baking sheet. Let rise for about 45 minutes. If using the egg glaze, brush it over the top of the dough. Otherwise, brush with milk and sprinkle the bread with crushed sugar cubes, pearled sugar or chopped almonds. If using the icing, ignore this step.

Bake at 350°F for about 30 minutes until bread is golden brown and done. If the bread begins to brown too quickly, cover with some foil after 15 minutes of browning.  Remove from the oven, cool completely before you slice it or ice it. For the icing, combine ingredients and pour over the bread. Sprinkle with almonds or decorate with candied fruit and peel. Let icing set. Makes 1 medium to large loaf.

Please do not use images or text without my permission. 

Thursday, December 18, 2014

Black and White Wednesday #153 Christmas Edition-The Gallery

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Welcome to the Christmas edition of Black and White Wednesday! I'm just a little late posting as our admin, Cinzia, had a lovely birthday luncheon today and wanted to include some images from her celebration! Happy Birthday, Cinzia! Black and White Wednesday will take a break and return for week #154 on January 7, 2015.


Saffron Butter Cake with Orange Glaze
Lynne-Cafe Lynnylu

Please do not use images or text without my permission. 

Saffron Butter Cake with Orange Glaze

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Just a quick post with a recipe for an easy cake to make for the holidays. Saffron and butter give the cake a lovely yellow color and the orange glaze helps preserve the flavor for up to a week.

Saffron Butter Cake with Orange Glaze
Recipe Adapted From Gale Gand's Short and Sweet
  • 2/3 cup orange juice ( I used fresh mandarin oranges)
  • 2 pinches saffron
  • 1-1/2 cups all-purpose flour
  • 1 teaspoon baking powder
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 1 cup (2 sticks) unsalted butter, softened slightly
  • 1 cup plus 1/3 cup sugar
  • 4 large eggs
  1. Preheat oven to 350°F. Butter a 9-inch loaf pan and line the bottom with parchment paper.
  2. In a small saucepan, bring the orange juice and saffron to a boil. Remove from heat and set aside to steep.
  3. In a medium bowl, combine the flour, baking powder, salt. In another bowl, cream butter until smooth. Add 1 cup sugar and mix. With the mixer running, add the eggs, one at a time, mix well. Add half the dry ingredients and mix. Add 1/4 of the saffron steeped orange juice and mix. Add remaining ingredients. Remove any remaining saffron threads in the orange juice and mix them in the batter. Reserve remaining saffron steeped orange juice for glaze
  4. Pour the batter in the prepared pan. Bake 65-75 minutes or until a tester inserted in the middle comes out clean.
  5. Meanwhile, make the glaze. Stir the remaining 1/3 cup sugar into the reserved orange juice until sugar is dissolved.
  6. When cake is done, let cool in the pan for 15 minutes. Carefully, run knife around the sides of the pan and remove the cake to a wire cooling rack. Peel off the paper and using a pastry brush, spread glaze over the tops and sides of cake. Let it soak in. Let cake completely cool at room temperature, then serve. Or wrap in plastic and refrigerate. Cake will keep for about a week refrigerated. If desired, cake can be frozen up to 4 weeks. 

 This black and white image is my contribution to Black and White Wednesday #153 hosted by yours truly.

Please do not use images or text without my permission. 

Monday, December 15, 2014

Announcing Black and Wednesday #153-Christmas Edition

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“Our hearts grow tender with childhood memories and love of kindred, and we are better throughout the year for having, in spirit, become a child again at Christmas-time.” 
― Laura Ingalls Wilder

Announcing the Christmas edition of Black and White Wednesday! This long-running blog event is open to anyone who loves culinary related images either photographed in black and white or converted to black and white using a favorite software program. The images don't have to be holiday oriented; just shades of black and white. Think of food, restaurants, kitchen items, even animals and  plants; the possibilities are endless. The device you use to capture the image is up to you-DSLR, point and shoot or smartphone.

The rules and history of BWW can be found here. You don't have to have a blog to submit an image-just send me your image at lynnylu AT gmail Dot com. before 10 am New York time, Wednesday, December 17, 2014. I look forward to seeing them!

Please do not use images or text without my permission. 

Sunday, December 14, 2014

Dakar Spice Rubbed Lamb Kebabs with Mustard Onions-

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"One who eats alone cannot discuss the taste of food with others" African proverb

In my mind as I walk the busy streets of Dakar,  the capital of Senegal, I see curls of wood smoke and the smell of roasting meat assail my senses. I follow my nose and there before me I see long lines of people from all walks of life; young and old, patiently waiting to be served on grease-stained papers chunks of succulent roasted meat, thinly sliced onions in a mustard vinaigrette and a side of bread. I realize that I am witnessing the best of street food Dakar has to offer.

Typical street food, these spice-rubbed lamb skewers, most often called dibi (roasted meat)are bought at dibiteries"hole in the wall" type restaurants with large wood fires. There are usually no seats or limited seating in a dibiterie, so long lines are the norm.  The tradition of roasting meats in this fashion originates from the Arabs, but with sheep instead of lamb. As Senegal is roughly 95 % Muslim, pork would not be used in a dibiterie.

With peanuts being a major cash crop in Senegal, I thought a rub consisting of ground roasted peanuts, and a melange of spice would be delicious slathered on the lamb before grilling. Tsire or suya, a Nigerian speciality, is a thin cut of beef that is marinated in the ground roasted peanut rub, but the term Tsire now pertains to the rub.

D is for Dakar-this is my second post on The World Culinary ABC hosted by yours truly. Thanks to Aiuolik for creating the World Culinary ABC. For more Dakar cuisine, see us on our Pinterest page.

Dakar Spiced Rubbed Lamb Kebabs with Mustard Onions
Modified from Sean Brock-Food and Wine and The Chile Foundry
Serves 4

For the Lamb
  • 1/2 cup white vinegar
  • 1/2 cup coarse Dijon mustard
  • 1/2 tablespoon agave nectar
  • 1-1/2 cups thinly sliced yellow onion
  • Kosher salt
  • Freshly ground white pepper
  • 1 tablespoon peanut oil, plus more for oiling the grill grates
  • 2 pounds trimmed leg of lamb, cut into 1/2-inch pieces
  • Freshly ground black pepper
Tsire Spice Rub
  • 1 cup roasted peanuts
  • 2 teaspoons chili powder
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground ginger
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground nutmeg
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground cloves
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  1. Prepare rub by combining all ingredients. Set aside.
  2. In a medium bowl, combine the vinegar, Dijon mustard and agave nectar. Stir in the onion slices and season with salt and pepper.
  3. Preheat a grill pan or preheat a gas or charcoal grill to medium heat. Oil the grates. In a large bowl, toss the lamb with 1 tablespoon of peanut oil. Salt and pepper the lamb pieces. Use enough of the Tsire rub to generously coat the lamb. Thread the lamb pieces onto 8 skewers. 
  4. Grill over medium heat, turning occasionally, until charred in spots, 6-7 minutes, for medium. Transfer the lamb to a platter and serve with the mustard onions.
The mustard onions can be refrigerated in an airtight container for up to 2 days.

Please do not use images or text without my permission. 

Monday, December 08, 2014

ABC Mondiale-Dakar

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Dakar, the capital of Senegal, is the fourth stop on our whirlwind journey of the World Culinary ABC. The cuisines of SamoaIndia and Australia are behind us with pleasant memories of food enjoyed as we move on through the world of food.
The food of Senegal, a West African cuisine,  is a fusion of three cuisines-North African, French and Portuguese. Dakar, the capital, sits at the tip of the Cape Vert peninsula settled in the 15th century by the Lebou people skilled in aquaculture; fish being an important part of the Senegalese cuisine. The national dish is thiéboudienne, ( pronounced Cheb-oo-jen), chunks of fish stuffed with herbs and served on a bed of locally grown rice and vegetables. Another very popular dish is Thiébou guerté,  translated as "the rice of peanut", Senegal's cash crop. Chicken, lamb and beef are also used in many dishes, as well  as sweet potatoes, black-eyed peas, okra and cabbage. Most dishes are stewed and served over rice. 

French pastries are often served at breakfast and beverages include bissap, made from hibiscus, sugar and water as well as home roasted coffee, mint tea and a yogurt drink called Toufam. The are a few traditional desserts; Thiakry, a couscous pudding, Cinq Centimes (the five cent cookie) made from peanuts and a Banana Glace, a French inspired dessert.

I chose Dakar for my contribution to World Culinary ABC since many of the traditional foods grown in Senegal and other countries in Africa have heavily influenced the cuisine of the low country of South Carolina and Coastal Georgia. As a child of the South, I grew up enjoying seafood from our waters, locally grown peanuts, sweet potatoes, okra and black-eyed peas from our gardens; recipes gleaned the West African influence in the area. 

Senegalese Okra Stew

This rich and creamy vegetarian stew is  an embodiment of some of the similar vegetables that I use in many of my dishes. Okra, butternut squash or sweet potatoes, nut butter and a heady mixture of cumin, fresh ginger, and hot peppers create a colorful and delicious melange of flavors.
 Original recipe from Food and Wine.

Senegalese Okra Stew
  • 2 tablespoons vegetable oil
  • 1 small onion
  • 1 tablespoon peeled ginger, minced
  • 2 garlic cloves, minced
  • 1/2 to 1 habanero, seeded and minced (use gloves as the habanero is very hot)
  • 1 tablespoon cumin seeds, toasted and ground
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground turmeric
  • 1-1/2 cups 1/2 inch cubed butternut squash or sweet potato
  • Salt
  • 3-1/2 cups low-sodium vegetable broth
  • 3/4 pound small to medium size okra, trimmed and sliced crosswise
  • 1/4 cup cashew butter (or peanut butter)
  • Cilantro leaves, for garnish
  1. In a large pot, heat the oil. Add the onion, ginger and garlic;cook over moderate heat, stirring occasionally, 5-6 minutes, until softened. Add the habanero, cumin and turmeric. cook an additional 2 minutes. Add the squash or sweet potato, season with salt and cook, stirring until the squash is coated with the seasonings. Add 3 cups of the broth and bring to a boil. Reduce heat, simmer over medium low heat until squash is tender-5-6 minutes. Stir in the okra and cook until tender, about 3 minutes.
  2. In a bowl, whisk the cashew or peanut butter into the remaining 1/2 cup broth (heated). Stir this into the stew and simmer for 5 minutes. Serve in soup bowls and garnish with cilantro. The stew can be made one day ahead and refrigerated.

You are welcome to participate in our journey of Dakar. You will need to post a Senegalese recipe by December 27th. In your post, please include a link to this post and to the World Culinary ABC then leave a link to your post in the comments section below. Old posts can be used but update the details. Multiple entries are welcomed. If you don't have a blog but would like to submit a recipe, send me an email at lynnylu AT gmail Dot com and I will be happy to post it for you.

Contributions to ABC Mondiale-Dakar

Poulet Yassa-A traditional chicken dish from the Casamance region of Senegal-Morena
Mafé-Senegal-Beef stew with Vegetables and Rice-Similar to the African Peanut Stew-Lucia
Yassa Poulet-Another delicious variation of the traditional chicken dish-Pinko Panino
Dakar Spice Rubbed Lamb Kebabs with Mustard Onions-street food from Dakar-Lynne
Yassa au Poulet-Love the interesting renditions of this traditional chicken dish-Eloisa
Fish Yassa-A lovely fish yassa from Marta
Sugar Cookies topped with Peanut Butter- Yummy Desserts-Resy
Carrot Coconut and Pineapple Cake-Another delicious dessert-Resy
Potato Salad Dakarois-A nice dish to go with any of the main courses above Cinzia-Cindy Star Blog
Yassa Senegal-Another delicious beef stew-Carla
Dakar Spice Rubbed Lamb Kebabs with Mustard Onions-Lynne
Thiakry-Dolce Senegalese-a light and pleasing dessert-Elena
Senegalese Seafood Gumbo-a hearty seafood stew-Lynne
Poisson Grille Senegal--a lovely Senegalese grilled fish -Carla
Senegalese Spiced Swordfish-another delightful marinated and pan fried fish dish-Terry
Exotic Salad -Senegal-A delicious shrimp and fruit salad-Lucia
Caramel Bananas-A beautiful banana dessert with caramel-Elena
Thieboudienne-Senegalese rice dish-Tamara
Bissap-a refreshing Senegalese fruit drink made with dried hibiscus flowers-Morena
Tarte du Senegal- a lovely meringue pie made with bananas, dates and nuts-Resy
Coconut Fritters-beautiful coconut fritters-Tamara
Mafé-Peanut Sauce-lovely stew with peanut sauce-Anisja
Thiakry-a light dessert with yogurt-Eloisa
Papaya Chutney-a perfect complement to roast meats-Cinzia
Rice With Coconut Milk-a delightful rice pudding-Rosa Maria
Senegalese Chicken Yassa-lovely chicken yassa served with homemade pasta-Simona
Salad Niebe-a beautiful melange of cowpeas and vegetables-Alejandro

Please do not use images or text without my permission. 

Wednesday, December 03, 2014

Coffee Bean Still Life -Black and White Wednesday #152

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Some classic quotes about that lovely black liquid that many of us stand in long lines for.......

"It is inhumane, in my opinion, to force people who have a genuine medical need for coffee to wait in line behind people who apparently view it as some kind of recreational activity."  Dave Barry

"As long as there is coffee in the world, how bad could things be."  Cassandra Clare-City of Ashes

"At Starbucks I like ordering a "Tall venti in a grande cup". That's like basically me asking for a small large in a medium cup." Jarod Kinta-This Book Has No Title

"No matter what historians claimed, BC really stood for "Before Coffee."Cherish Sinclair-City of Ashes

"Life is a beautiful and endless journey in search of the perfect cup." Barbara A. Daniels

The image above is my contribution to Black and White Wednesday #152 hosted this week by Aparna from Stories From the Mahe Coast. I photographed the beans with an iPhone 5 (sadly lost in San Antonio recently), processed it in Photoshop CC, added a filter from MacPhun Tonality Pro and added two textures (Elysium and Danielli) from Flypaper Textures.

Please do not use images or text without my permission. 
Gadget by The Blog Doctor.